A collection of things that represents a movable or immovable property (for example, a house or apartment);
Real rights (for example, the right of life tenure of a piece of land);
Obligations of an official nature (for example, loans);
Objects of civil rights;
Pension payments, various benefits;
Shares, stocks and deposits.
Various personal items (for example, hygiene products), as well as income that was received before the marriage or things that went to the spouse for free, are not subject to evaluation.
Who makes the assessment and how is it done?
If the spouses do not reach agreement on their own, the help of a professional appraiser will be required. Appeal to such a person can not only the plaintiff, but the court itself.
In this case, the specialist can work both on site, that is, to come to the object and inspect the spouses’ apartment, and on a remote basis (that is, according to the client).
Property valuation: objectives and objects of valuation, forms of regulation of valuation activities, valuation principles, types of value.
Property valuation is the determination of the value of a property in accordance with its purpose, valuation procedures and the requirements of the appraiser’s ethics.
Objectives: purchase and sale, insurance, transfer from the authorized capital, obtaining a loan on bail, during mergers, acquisitions, divisions, separation, liquidation, in the event of a dispute about the value of the property.
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Thing – a separate material object;
A set of things constituting the property of a person, incl. property of a certain type;
Ownership (possession, use and disposition) and other property rights (the right of economic management, operational management, mortgage, lease, servitudes);
The right to claim, duties, debts;
Works, services, information;
Other objects of civil rights in respect of which the legislation of the Russian Federation provides for the possibility of their participation in civil circulation.
Regulation of money laundering is a system of measures and procedures aimed at improving the quality of appraisers’ services and their compliance with certain criteria established by the professional community of appraisers (self-regulation) or by state bodies (state regulation) or jointly (in Russia)
The regulation of ML by state bodies consists in the development of a system of normative acts establishing the status of professional appraisers and the basic conditions for the interaction of participants in the valuation services market.
The role of self-regulating organizations (self-regulating organizations of appraisers) is to provide methodological support for the activities of appraisers, to develop standards for evaluation and norms of professional ethics, as well as to monitor the quality of services.
Types of value in the Russian Federation (FSO №2):
Market – the most likely price for a cat. This appraisable object may be alienated on the open market in a competitive environment, when the parties to the transaction act reasonably, having all the necessary information, and no extraordinary circumstances are reflected on the value of the transaction price.
Investment is the value for a specific person or group of persons when investment purposes of using the object of valuation are established by the given person (s).
The residual value is a calculated value that reflects the most likely price at which a given object of valuation may be alienated during the exposure period of the object, less than the typical exposure period for market conditions in conditions when the seller is forced to make a transaction for the alienation of property.
– Cadastral value is the value established as a result of the state cadastral valuation.
There are 3 groups of principles.
1) Principles based on user perceptions – utility, substitution, expectations
2) the principles related to the exploitation of property – the added (residual) productivity of land, the contribution, increasing and decreasing returns, balance, optimal size, separation (association) of the elements of the object and ownership rights to it.
3) Principles related to the market environment (external) – supply and demand, competition, dependence, conformity, change.